Estudia English Lección 1: Phrasal Verbs

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Lesson One



Sospecho que en España  habrás  memorizado unos cuantos “Phrasal Verbs” para exámenes en el colegio.  Verdad? Pensaras que son difíciles –  claro hay tantísimos! Pero no sufras mas porque ahora  aprenderás usarlos bien y viviendo en Inglaterra lo harás poco a poco en plan muy natural.

  • Los vas a oír a diario en conversaciones y verlos escritos.
  • Los practicaras de forma sencillo y útil en tus clases de ingles de ESOL.


 Here’s a few examples for you!              Come on !  Don’t give up yet!  Carry on reading!

AGREE WITH – estar de acuerdo – ” English is easy!.” “I agree with you.
BE ABOUT TO – estar a punto de – “You are about to learn some phrasal verbs.” 
BE OUT OF – quedarse sin – “We’re out of eggs so we can’t make a tortilla.”
BE OVER – terminarse – “When the football match is over, we will go home.”
BE UP – estar levantado – “Marc isn’t up yet: he’s still in bed.”
BREAK DOWN – averiarse – “My car broke down on the way to college.”
CALL BACK – volver a llamar – “I’m afraid the manager isn’t here at the moment. Could you call back later?”
CARRY ON – seguir. continuar – “I’m sorry if I interrupted you. Please carry on.”
COME ACROSS – encontrar, dar con – I came across an old friend on the metro in Madrid.
COME BACK – regresar – I’m going to England for two weeks. I’m coming back on the fifth.
COME IN – entrar – “Good morning. Come in and sit down.”
COME ON – ¡Vamos!, ¡Date prisa! – “Come on. We’re going to be late.”
CUT DOWN ON – consumir menos –“ You must cut down on cholesterol or you’ll have a heart attack.”
CUT OFF – cortar, desconnectar – “When we didn’t pay the bill, the gas was cut off.”
DO UP – abrochar, atar –“ It is cold outside so do up your coat!”
DO WITHOUT – pasarse sin, prescindir de – “The shops are shut so we’ll have to do without sugar.”
GET IN(TO) – entrar – “I lost my keys and so I couldn’t get into the house.”
GET OFF – bajar (de un autobus, tren) – “You have to get off the bus at the next stop if you want the station.”
GET ON – subir (a un autobus, tren, moto) –“ Quick! Get on the train, it’s about to leave.”
GET UP – levantarse – “When I got up this morning it was still dark.”
GIVE UP – perder la esperanza, rendirse – “If you find English difficult, don’t give up.”
GIVE UP – dejar (de fumar, beber) –“ You should give up smoking.”
GO BACK – volver, regresar – “When are you going back to Spain?”
GO DOWN – bajar –“ The price of petrol is going down.”
GO OUT – salir (por la calle) – “I sometimes go out  for a drink  on Saturday night.”
GO UP – subir – “The price of cigarettes goes up every year”.
HANG ON/HOLD ON – esperar – “Hold on  a minute!”
LEAVE BEHIND – olvidar, dejar – “When I got to the airport, I realised I had left my passport behind at home.”
LET IN – dejar entrar – “She opened the door and let in the dog.”
LOOK AFTER – cuidar – “My mother looks after the children when we go away.”
LOOK FOR – buscar – “I spent two hours looking for my glasses before I found them.”
LOOK FORWARD TO – esperar con ilusión –“ I’m looking forward to the Easter holidays.”
LOOK OUT – tener cuidado, ¡Ojo! “Look out! – There’s a car coming.”
LOOK (something) UP – buscar algo (en un libro, diccionario) – “If you don’t understand the word, look it up in a dictionary.”
PUT IN – meter, introducir – “Put £1 in the machine and you will get a cup of coffee.”
PUT ON – encender – “Put on the light, it’s getting dark.”
PUT ON – ponerse (la ropa) – “Put your coat on or you’ll get cold.”
RUN OUT OF – quedarse sin algo –  “We ran out of petrol so we had to walk.”
TAKE OFF – quitarse la ropa – “Take off your coat and make yourself comfortable.”
THROW AWAY – tirar (en la basura) – “Don’t throw these papers away: they’re important.”
TURN DOWN – bajar (el volumen) – “Turn down the television: it’s too loud.”
TURN UP – poner el volumen más fuerte – “Turn up the radio. I can’t hear it!”
TURN ON – encender (televisión, luces etc.) – “Turn on the television, please, I want to see the news.”


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