Practice makes perfect

Vocabulary builder – do the exercises and then try using the words in your speaking and writing

Using adjectives

Adjectives describe nouns, e.g.

  • a quiet town
  • a sandy beach 
  • the tallest building
  • The building is very old.

Task 1

Underline all the adjectives in this description of a hotel.

This comfortable hotel with its pleasant gardens is ideal for people who want a quiet holiday, yet it is only a short distance from the highly popular attractions of the area.  There are lovely views from every room.  The atmosphere is very friendly, and the staff are always helpful.  A holiday here is very good value for money.  You can eat your meals at the hotel, where the food tastes delicious.  Or you can, of course, try some of the excellent local restaurants.

It is easy to confuse adjectives that end in  –ing and -ed.  As a very general rule,  -ing adjectives describe things or situations while –ed adjectives describe people’s feelings.

  e.g. 

Here are some more examples of adjective pairs ending in –ing and –ed:

Task 2

Complete the following conversation by adding –ing or –ed endings to the words in brackets.

Vicky: That was an ………exciting….(excit…) film, wasn’t it?

Rachel: Oh, do you think so?  I’m ………………… (surpris…) you liked it.   I 

thought it was rather ………………. (disappoint…).

Vicky: Well, I was………………… (puzzl…) once or twice.  I didn’t understand 

the whole story.  It was ………………… (confus…) in places.  But the

end was very good.

Rachel: I was………………(bor…) most of the time.  I didn’t find it very ……….

…………… (interest…).

Task 3 

Now complete the following conversations using adjectives ending in –ing or –ed.

  1. David:  I’m surprised how warm the weather is for April.

Melanie:  Yes, all this sunshine is quite……surprising……

  1. Vicky:  I’m not very fit.  I was pretty tired after climbing the mountain.

Natasha:  Yes, I think everyone felt…………………

  1. Ben:  I think I need to relax.

Laura:  Well, lying by the pool should be…………………..

  1. Vicky:  It was annoying to lose my ticket.

Emma:  You looked really ………………… when you had to buy another one.

  1. Sarah:  The show was amusing.

Mark:  Claire was certainly …………………. She couldn’t stop laughing.

  1. Daniel:  The museum was interesting, wasn’t it?

Rachel:  It was ok.  I was quite …………………….. in those old maps.

  1. Matthew:  I’m fascinated by these old photos.

Emma:  I always find it ………. to see what people looked like in the past.

  1. Emily:  Was it a big thrill when you met Kylie Jenner?

Kirsty:  You bet. It was just about the most……………… moment of my life.

  1. Nicole:  You look exhausted.  You should go to bed.

Freddie:  Yes, driving down from Scotland was pretty ………………………..

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